“From rheumatic heart disease to hypertensive heart disease.”
In recent decades, there has been significant epidemiological transition of NCDs, particularly CVDs in developing countries, due to factors related to diet, sedentary lifestyle and longevity of the general population. Despite the rise of NCDs, the full attention of these countries was in combating the communicable diseases. There is paucity of data on the changing trend and clinical characteristics of CVD in Africa, specially, in Ethiopia. In light of this, a recent study revealed the epidemiological shift of CVDs in last decades in Ethiopia. According to this study findings, Hypertension was found to be the most frequent CVD followed by HF, and hypertensive heart disease was the leading cause of cardiac diseases. However, the incidence of rheumatic heart disease has declined due in part to the accessibility of secondary prophylaxis. In addition, poor cardiovascular outcome was observed in rural regions and in patients with comorbid medical condition. Hence, a due attention should be given to improve outcomes in rural dwellers.